PAAMG Frequently Asked Questions: Actual Surgery
Although there are many types of regional anesthesia, the most common ones are spinal, epidural, and arm and shoulder blocks.
• Patient preference
• Avoidance of general anesthesia (i.e. concern of post operative nausea)
• Avoidance of negative effects of general anesthesia to certain body organs (i.e. a patient with heart disease)
• Prolonged pain relief after surgery
After the spinal or epidural is given, a warming sensation is initially felt and later numbness in the lower half of the body. The extent of the numbness and the duration is based on the type of surgery planned and the medications used. The patient also temporarily loses some muscle strength in the area affected.